Brownsville became the first city in the state of Texas to successfully pass a plastic bag ban ordinance. Brownsville, one of the poorest cities in the state, wanted to cut down on the litter of plastic bags that has been termed “Texas wildflowers” or “Texas’ new tumbleweeds” by tourists, according to Healthy Communities of Brownsville, an organization in favor of the ban. CommonDreams.org points out, “Although plastic bags didn’t come into widespread use until the early 1980’s, environmental groups estimate that 500 billion to 1 trillion of the bags are now used worldwide every year,” and plastic bags “use up natural resources, consume energy to manufacture, create litter, choke marine life and add to landfill waste.”
The ordinance set up a one-year voluntary compliance period, which ended in January 2011, as mandatory compliance began. It allows for the use of reusable cloth bags, approved biodegradable plastic bags and recyclable paper bags to be used in place of traditional plastic bags. Section 46-51 also sets up a seven-member advisory committee to oversee the implementation and enforcement of the new ordinance.The ordinance (Ordinance Number 2009-911-E) lists reasons the ban was enacted:
- The use of plastic shopping bags has a significant impact on the environment such as contributing to unsightly litter on the streets, sidewalks, beaches, clogging sewers and drainage systems, and polluting the [nearby] Resaca waterways.
- Plastic shopping bags are difficult to recycle and currently contaminate material that is processed through Brownsville composting program.
- Costs associated with the use and disposal of plastic shopping bags creates a burden on the city’s solid waste disposal process.
- Plastic shopping bags have significant environmental impacts each year, including felling of over 14 million trees, and use of over 12 million barrels of oil for bags in the U.S.
- Plastic shopping bags cause the death of well over 100,000 marine animals.